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WELCOME to EMC and ASSOCIATED STANDARDS

TIP – there are links at the bottom of the page that give access to some Recommended Reading

The list below contains Generic commercial, Environment related, Functional Safety and Product/Product Family EMC standards; and are based on International or European regulations. This is not a comprehensive list, but contains the most commonly used ones. These standards are indicative as they do not show important details such as status, revisions, amendments etc; and so more investigation is required before using them to prove compliance or making a purchase.
This list also contains some USA commercial standards, some Military/Aerospace standards and some Associated Standards

GENERIC EMC STANDARDS

BS EN IEC 61000 

This is a series on Electromagnetic compatibility. EMC is the ability of electrical equipment and systems to function acceptably in their electromagnetic environment, by limiting the unintentional generation, propagation and reception of electromagnetic energy which may cause unwanted effects such as electromagnetic interference (EMI) or even physical damage in operational equipment

Part 1: General
  • Basic concepts (fundamental principles, definitions, terminology) – interference model
  • Functional safety (what a safety function does and measures of it being performed satisfactorily)
  • Measurement uncertainty
Part 2: Environment
  • Description of the environment
  • Classification of the environment
  • Compatibility levels
Part 3: Limits
  • Emission limits
  • Immunity limits (insofar as they do not fall under the responsibility of product committees)
Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques
  • Measurement techniques
  • Testing techniques
Part 5: Installation and mitigation guidelines
  • Installation guidelines
  • Mitigation methods and devices
Part 6: Generic standards
  • Generic emission and immunity requirements in various environments
Part 9: Miscellaneous

EMISSION

BS EN IEC 61000-3-2 – Harmonic Current

EMC limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤16 A per phase)

BS EN IEC 61000-3-3 – Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker

This standard specifies limits of voltage changes that may be produced by equipment tested under specified conditions and gives guidance on methods of assessment. It is applicable to electrical and electronic equipment having an input current equal to or less than 16 A per phase.

BS EN 61000-4-30: 2015 – Conducted Power Quality

This standard defines the methods for measurement and interpretation of results for power quality parameters in a.c. power supply systems with a declared fundamental frequency of 50 Hz or 60 Hz.


IMMUNITY

BS EN IEC 61000-4-2 – ESD

This standard relates to the immunity requirements and test methods for electrical and electronic equipment subjected to static electricity discharges.

BS EN IEC 61000-4-3 RF Radiated

This standard is applicable to the immunity requirements of electrical and electronic equipment to radiated electromagnetic energy. It establishes test levels and the required test procedures. 

BS EN IEC 61000-4-4 Fast Transients/Bursts

This standard gives immunity requirements and test procedures related to electrical fast transients/bursts and defines ranges of test levels and establishes test procedures.

BS EN IEC 61000-4-5 – Surges

This standard relates to the immunity requirements, test methods, and range of recommended test levels for equipment about unidirectional surges caused by over-voltages from switching and lightning transients.

BS EN IEC 61000-4-6 – RF Conducted

EMC testing and measurement techniques. Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fields

BS EN 61000-4-8 – Power Frequency Magnetic Field

EMC testing and measurement techniques. Power frequency magnetic field immunity test

BS EN 61000-4-25 – HEMP ( High-altitude Electromagnetic Pulse )

EMC testing and measurement techniques. HEMP immunity test methods for equipment and systems

ENVIRONMENT

BS EN 61000-2-2 Environment.

Compatibility levels for low-frequency conducted disturbances and signalling in public low-voltage power supply systems.

BS EN IEC 61000‑6‑1 – Residential, Commercial and Light-industrial Environments

RF radiated Immunity standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments

 BS EN IEC 61000‑6‑2  Industrial Locations

This standard applies to electrical and electronic equipment intended for use in industrial locations. RF radiated immunity requirements in the frequency range 0 Hz to 400 GHz are covered.

 BS EN IEC 61000‑6-3 Residential, Commercial and Light-industrial Environments

RF radiated emission standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments

BS EN IEC 61000‑6‑4 – Industrial Locations

This standard applies to electrical and electronic equipment intended for use within the environment existing at industrial locations. This RF emission standard is to be used where no applicable product or product family EMC emission standard is available. 

BS EN 61000-6-5:2015 – Power Station and Substation Environment.

RF radiated immunity for equipment used in power station and substation environment.

FUNCTIONAL SAFETY

BS EN 61000-1-2

 This standard provides the best industry guidance on the methodology for the achievement of functional safety of electrical and electronic systems to ensure functional safety. 

BS EN 61000-6-7:2015

This standard gives a range of Immunity requirements for equipment intended to perform functions in a safety-related system (functional safety) in industrial locations

IEEE 1848-2020

IEEE Standard for Techniques and Measures to Manage Functional Safety and Other Risks with Regard to Electromagnetic Disturbances
A set of practical methods is provided for helping to manage the levels of risks due to electromagnetic (EM) disturbances throughout the lifecycles of electronic equipment. 

PRODUCT / PRODUCT FAMILY

IEC/CISPR 11, BS EN 55011

This standard specifies requirements to protect equipment such as radio and TV receivers, microwave ovens, and scientific instrumentation from radio frequency interference.  It is also applicable to industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) electrical equipment operating in the frequency range 0 Hz to 400 GHz. 

IEC/CISPR 12, BS EN 55012 – Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines

Radio disturbance characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of off-board receivers

IEC/CISPR 14-1 BS EN 55014-1:2021 EMC requirements for household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus

Emmission. Product family standard

IEC/CISPR 14-2 BS EN 55014-2:2021 EMC requirements for household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus

Immunity. Product family standard

IEC/CISPR 15, BS EN 55015 – Electrical Lighting and similar equipment

Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of electrical lighting and similar equipment

IEC/CISPR 25, BS EN 55025 – Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines

Radio disturbance characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of on-board receivers

IEC/CISPR 32, BS EN 55032 – Multimedia Equipment (MME)

This European standard specifies emission requirements for multimedia equipment (MME) – mainly domestic electrical equipment such as personal computers, TVs and games consoles as well as professional audio and studio equipment 

BS EN IEC 60034-1 – Rotating electrical machines

Part 1: Rating and performance

BS IEC 60533 – Electrical and electronic installations in ships

Electromagnetic compatibility

BS EN IEC 60945 – Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems

General requirements – Methods of testing and required test results

BS EN IEC 61326-1  Test and Measurement equipment and used in control or laboratory applications.

The standard lists requirements for EMC testing, which include radiated susceptibility, conducted susceptibility, radiated emissions and conducted emissions tests.

IEC 62236-1 – Railway applications

Part 1: General
Part 2: Emission of the whole railway system to the outside world
Part 3-1: Rolling stock – Train and complete vehicle
Part 3-2: Rolling stock – Apparatus
Part 4: Emission and immunity of the signalling and telecommunications apparatus
Part 5: Emission and immunity of fixed power supply installations and apparatus

USA STANDARDS

FCC 47 CFR Part 15

More commonly known just as FCC Part 15; it covers regulations for radio frequency devices. It includes both Unintentional Radiators and Intentional Radiators.

FCC 47 CFR Part 18

More commonly known just as FCC Part 18; is an emission standard (conductive, radiated) for Industrial, Scientific and Medical Equipment (ISM).

ANSI C63.4

American National Standard for Methods of Measurement of Radio-Noise Emissions from Low-Voltage Electrical and Electronic Equipment in the Range of 9 kHz to 40 GHz

ANSI C63.10

American National Standard Of Procedures For Compliance Testing Of Unlicensed Wireless Devices

ANSI C63.15

American National Standard Recommended Practice For The Immunity Measurement Of Electrical And Electronic Equipment

MILITARY/AEROSPACE

Def Stan 59-411

UK Ministry of Defence standard on Electromagnetic Compatibility

MIL-STD-461 ( A, B, C, D, E, F, G )

This is a USA Department of Defense standard on Electromagnetic Compatibility. It is a common requirement for military programs and systems that provides guidance on EMI/ EMC verification requirements for all equipment and subsystems procured by military equipment.

MIL-STD-464

This USA Department of Defense standard establishes electromagnetic environmental effects (E3) interface requirements and verification criteria for airborne, sea, space, and ground systems, including associated ordnance.

RTCA DO-160G  EUROCAE ED-14

This provides standard procedures and environmental test criteria for testing civil airborne equipment for the entire spectrum of aircraft from light general aviation aircraft and helicopters through the “jumbo jets” and SST categories of aircraft.

AIAA S-121A-2017 – Requirements for Space Equipment and Systems

Standard: Electromagnetic Compatibility

VG 95370-12 EMC of and in systems

Part 12: Test procedures for radiated emissions of systems

VG 95371-10 Beiblatt 1 – Part 10: Threat Levels for NEMP and Lightning.

European Defence Agency standard on EMC including Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) and Lightning Protection Fundamentals

NATO AECTP-500(E)(1) – ELECTROMAGNETIC ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS (EEE)

European Defence Agency standard on EEE TEST AND VERIFICATION

ASSOCIATED STANDARDS

NATO SDIP-27 – NATO TEMPEST requirements and Evaluation procedures
BS EN 50160:2022 – TC – Voltage characteristics of electricity supplied by public electricity networks

Power quality is related to EMC in several ways – especially because compliance with power quality requirements depends on the control of cumulative effect of electromagnetic emissions from all/multiple equipment and/or installations. Therefore, the voltage characteristics given in this document gives guidance for specifying requirements in equipment product standards and in installation standards.

Recommended Reading etc.

Academy of EMC Standards

The Academy of EMC website is an excellent source of information about EMC, Their mission statement is ” Bring free education about Electromagnetic Compatibility to everybody.” Their Standards section is very detailed…..read more

Fundamentals of Standards Creation

Do you want to know how standards are made? Have you ever wondered how International Organization for Standardization (ISO), The British Standards Institution (BSI), and the International Accreditation Forum (IAF) work together to create standards?……….read more