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The list below contains Generic commercial, Environment related, Functional Safety and Product/Product Family EMC standards; and are based on International or European regulations. This is not a comprehensive list, but contains the most commonly used ones. These standards are indicative as they do not show important details such as status, revisions, amendments etc; and so more investigation is required before using them to prove compliance or making a purchase.
This list also contains some USA commercial standards, some Military/Aerospace standards and some Associated Standards
GENERIC EMC STANDARDS
BS EN IEC 61000
This is a series on Electromagnetic compatibility. EMC is the ability of electrical equipment and systems to function acceptably in their electromagnetic environment, by limiting the unintentional generation, propagation and reception of electromagnetic energy which may cause unwanted effects such as electromagnetic interference (EMI) or even physical damage in operational equipment
Part 1: General
- Basic concepts (fundamental principles, definitions, terminology) – interference model
- Functional safety (what a safety function does and measures of it being performed satisfactorily)
- Measurement uncertainty
Part 2: Environment
- Description of the environment
- Classification of the environment
- Compatibility levels
Part 3: Limits
- Emission limits
- Immunity limits (insofar as they do not fall under the responsibility of product committees)
Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques
- Measurement techniques
- Testing techniques
Part 5: Installation and mitigation guidelines
- Installation guidelines
- Mitigation methods and devices
Part 6: Generic standards
- Generic emission and immunity requirements in various environments
Part 9: Miscellaneous
BS EN IEC 61000-3-2 – Harmonic Current
EMC limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤16 A per phase)
BS EN IEC 61000-3-3 – Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker
This standard specifies limits of voltage changes that may be produced by equipment tested under specified conditions and gives guidance on methods of assessment. It is applicable to electrical and electronic equipment having an input current equal to or less than 16 A per phase.
BS EN 61000-4-30: 2015 – Conducted Power Quality
This standard defines the methods for measurement and interpretation of results for power quality parameters in a.c. power supply systems with a declared fundamental frequency of 50 Hz or 60 Hz.
BS EN IEC 61000-4-2 – ESD
This standard relates to the immunity requirements and test methods for electrical and electronic equipment subjected to static electricity discharges.
BS EN IEC 61000-4-3 RF Radiated
This standard is applicable to the immunity requirements of electrical and electronic equipment to radiated electromagnetic energy. It establishes test levels and the required test procedures.
BS EN IEC 61000-4-4 Fast Transients/Bursts
This standard gives immunity requirements and test procedures related to electrical fast transients/bursts and defines ranges of test levels and establishes test procedures.
BS EN IEC 61000-4-5 – Surges
This standard relates to the immunity requirements, test methods, and range of recommended test levels for equipment about unidirectional surges caused by over-voltages from switching and lightning transients.
BS EN IEC 61000-4-6 – RF Conducted
EMC testing and measurement techniques. Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fields
BS EN 61000-4-8 – Power Frequency Magnetic Field
EMC testing and measurement techniques. Power frequency magnetic field immunity test
BS EN 61000-4-25 – HEMP ( High-altitude Electromagnetic Pulse )
EMC testing and measurement techniques. HEMP immunity test methods for equipment and systems
BS EN 61000-2-2 Environment.
Compatibility levels for low-frequency conducted disturbances and signalling in public low-voltage power supply systems.
BS EN IEC 61000‑6‑1 – Residential, Commercial and Light-industrial Environments
RF radiated Immunity standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments
BS EN IEC 61000‑6‑2 Industrial Locations
This standard applies to electrical and electronic equipment intended for use in industrial locations. RF radiated immunity requirements in the frequency range 0 Hz to 400 GHz are covered.
BS EN IEC 61000‑6-3 Residential, Commercial and Light-industrial Environments
RF radiated emission standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments
BS EN IEC 61000‑6‑4 – Industrial Locations
This standard applies to electrical and electronic equipment intended for use within the environment existing at industrial locations. This RF emission standard is to be used where no applicable product or product family EMC emission standard is available.
BS EN 61000-6-5:2015 – Power Station and Substation Environment.
RF radiated immunity for equipment used in power station and substation environment.
BS EN 61000-1-2
This standard provides the best industry guidance on the methodology for the achievement of functional safety of electrical and electronic systems to ensure functional safety.
BS EN 61000-6-7:2015
This standard gives a range of Immunity requirements for equipment intended to perform functions in a safety-related system (functional safety) in industrial locations
PRODUCT / PRODUCT FAMILY
IEC/CISPR 11, BS EN 55011
This standard specifies requirements to protect equipment such as radio and TV receivers, microwave ovens, and scientific instrumentation from radio frequency interference. It is also applicable to industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) electrical equipment operating in the frequency range 0 Hz to 400 GHz.
IEC/CISPR 12, BS EN 55012 – Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines
Radio disturbance characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of off-board receivers
IEC/CISPR 14-1 BS EN 55014-1:2021 EMC requirements for household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus
Emmission. Product family standard
IEC/CISPR 14-2 BS EN 55014-2:2021 EMC requirements for household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus
Immunity. Product family standard
IEC/CISPR 15, BS EN 55015 – Electrical Lighting and similar equipment
Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of electrical lighting and similar equipment
IEC/CISPR 25, BS EN 55025 – Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines
Radio disturbance characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of on-board receivers
IEC/CISPR 32, BS EN 55032 – Multimedia Equipment (MME)
This European standard specifies emission requirements for multimedia equipment (MME) – mainly domestic electrical equipment such as personal computers, TVs and games consoles as well as professional audio and studio equipment
BS EN IEC 60034-1 – Rotating electrical machines
Part 1: Rating and performance
BS IEC 60533 – Electrical and electronic installations in ships
BS EN IEC 60945 – Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems
General requirements – Methods of testing and required test results
BS EN IEC 61326-1 Test and Measurement equipment and used in control or laboratory applications.
The standard lists requirements for EMC testing, which include radiated susceptibility, conducted susceptibility, radiated emissions and conducted emissions tests.
IEC 62236-1 – Railway applications
Part 1: General
Part 2: Emission of the whole railway system to the outside world
Part 3-1: Rolling stock – Train and complete vehicle
Part 3-2: Rolling stock – Apparatus
Part 4: Emission and immunity of the signalling and telecommunications apparatus
Part 5: Emission and immunity of fixed power supply installations and apparatus
FCC 47 CFR Part 15
More commonly known just as FCC Part 15; it covers regulations for radio frequency devices. It includes both Unintentional Radiators and Intentional Radiators.
FCC 47 CFR Part 18
More commonly known just as FCC Part 18; is an emission standard (conductive, radiated) for Industrial, Scientific and Medical Equipment (ISM).
American National Standard for Methods of Measurement of Radio-Noise Emissions from Low-Voltage Electrical and Electronic Equipment in the Range of 9 kHz to 40 GHz
American National Standard Of Procedures For Compliance Testing Of Unlicensed Wireless Devices
American National Standard Recommended Practice For The Immunity Measurement Of Electrical And Electronic Equipment
Def Stan 59-411
UK Ministry of Defence standard on Electromagnetic Compatibility
MIL-STD-461 ( A, B, C, D, E, F, G )
This is a USA Department of Defense standard on Electromagnetic Compatibility. It is a common requirement for military programs and systems that provides guidance on EMI/ EMC verification requirements for all equipment and subsystems procured by military equipment.
This USA Department of Defense standard establishes electromagnetic environmental effects (E3) interface requirements and verification criteria for airborne, sea, space, and ground systems, including associated ordnance.
RTCA DO-160G EUROCAE ED-14
This provides standard procedures and environmental test criteria for testing civil airborne equipment for the entire spectrum of aircraft from light general aviation aircraft and helicopters through the “jumbo jets” and SST categories of aircraft.
AIAA S-121A-2017 – Requirements for Space Equipment and Systems
Standard: Electromagnetic Compatibility
VG 95370-12 EMC of and in systems
Part 12: Test procedures for radiated emissions of systems
VG 95371-10 Beiblatt 1 – Part 10: Threat Levels for NEMP and Lightning.
European Defence Agency standard on EMC including Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) and Lightning Protection Fundamentals
NATO AECTP-500(E)(1) – ELECTROMAGNETIC ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS (EEE)
European Defence Agency standard on EEE TEST AND VERIFICATION
NATO SDIP-27 – NATO TEMPEST requirements and Evaluation procedures
BS EN 50160:2022 – TC – Voltage characteristics of electricity supplied by public electricity networks
Power quality is related to EMC in several ways – especially because compliance with power quality requirements depends on the control of cumulative effect of electromagnetic emissions from all/multiple equipment and/or installations. Therefore, the voltage characteristics given in this document gives guidance for specifying requirements in equipment product standards and in installation standards.
Recommended Reading etc.
Academy of EMC Standards
The Academy of EMC website is an excellent source of information about EMC, Their mission statement is ” Bring free education about Electromagnetic Compatibility to everybody.” Their Standards section is very detailed…..read more
Fundamentals of Standards Creation
Do you want to know how standards are made? Have you ever wondered how International Organization for Standardization (ISO), The British Standards Institution (BSI), and the International Accreditation Forum (IAF) work together to create standards?……….read more