The information below is meant purely as a documentation tool and has no legal effect. The Union’s institutions do not assume any liability for its contents. The authentic versions of the relevant acts, including their preambles, are those published in the Official Journal of the European Union

EMC – Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive

All electric devices or installations influence each other when interconnected or close to each other, e.g. interference between TV sets, GSM handsets, radios and nearby washing machine or electrical power lines. The purpose of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is to keep all those side effects under reasonable control. EMC designates all the existing and future techniques and technologies for reducing disturbance and enhancing immunity.
The Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMCD) ensures that electrical and electronic equipment does not generate, or is not affected by, electromagnetic disturbance
UK Legislation – Electromagnetic Compatibility Regulations 2016

Recommended Reading
A Practical Guide to EMC Engineering
A Practical Guide to EMC Engineering

The book is a useful compendium of information covering all aspects of EMC with particular emphasis on practical issues of analysis, design and testing….read more

Electromagnetic Capability book
Electromagnetic Compatibility

This book highlights principles and applications of EMC. The book provides effective solutions to practical engineering problems……read more

Click here to see a list of the most commonly used EMC Standards

LVD – Low Voltage Directive [Electrical Safety]

Directive 2014/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council
on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits 
UK legislation – Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 2016

Recommended Reading
CE Marking for Low Voltage Directive book
CE Marking for the Low Voltage Directive

In this volume, you get the complete text of the Low-Voltage Directive along with a step-by-step overview and explanation of the certification procedure… more

WEEE – Waste electrical and Electronic Equipment

Directive 2012/19/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council
on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) This Directive lays down measures to protect the environment and human health by preventing or reducing the adverse impacts of the generation and management of waste from electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) and by reducing overall impacts of resource use and improving the efficiency of such use.
UK Legislation – The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulations 2013 (as amended)

Recommended Reading
Management of Electronic Waste book
Management of Electronic Waste

Holistic view of the current and future trends in electronic waste management, focusing on recycling, technologies, and regulations… more

ROHS – Restriction of Hazardous Substances

Directive 2011/65/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council
on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment. This Directive lays down rules on the restriction of the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) with a view to contributing to the protection of human health and the environment, including the environmentally sound recovery and disposal of waste EEE. 
GB Legislation – Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulations 2012 (as amended)

Recommended Reading
CE Marking – of Electrical & Electronic Products

This book gives a step-by-step approach to CE marking of electrical and electronic equipment including risk assessment. It covers, in detail, five important directives viz. LVD, EMC, MDD, RED and the RoHS directives. by Chetan Kathalay (466pages)… more

RED – Radio Equipment Directive

Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council
on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment.
Directive 2022/2380/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2014/53/EU
UK Legislation – Radio Equipment Regulations 2017

R&TTE – Radio equipment and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive

Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
on radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual recognition of their conformity. This Directive establishes the regulatory framework for the placing on the market, free movement and putting into service in the European Union (EU) of radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment. The aim of this Directive is to create an open and competitive single market. It also aims to ensure a high level of health and safety protection, and to avoid harmful interference.

ATEX – Explosive Atmosphere Directives.

Directive 2014/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres. 
UK Legislation – Equipment and Protective Systems Intended for use in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2016

Machinery Directive.

Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
on machinery, and amending Directive 95/16/EC
UK Legislation – Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 2008

MED – Marine Equipment Directive.

Directive 2014/90/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on marine equipment and repealing Council Directive 96/98/EC
This Directive shall apply to equipment placed or to be placed on board an EU ship and for which the approval of the flag State administration is required by the international instruments, regardless of whether the ship is situated in the Union at the time when it is fitted with the equipment.
UK Legislation – UK marine equipment regulations